Reasons for using a computer

Anthropological research focused on training courses shows that the main motivation for using this technology is related to professional considerations and aspirations.

Most students attending the examined courses are interested in computer education for professional reasons, either they want to re-enter the labour market or undertake a new profession. As far as women are concerned entertainment, curiosity and interactive communication possibilities offered by new technologies (games, internet) appear as secondary benefits.

According to the survey carried out amongst youngsters and adults, there is a difference between men and women in the frequency with which they use computers in their free time rather than for study or work purposes.

Among the adults, those who use the computer for the purpose of study declare show a high average frequency in the use of the computer (three out of four people interviewed use a computer at least once a week in connection with their studies), showing no significant differences between men and women. Those who use the computer for work declare a very high frequency of use (72.8% use the computer daily), again with no differences recorded between men and women. The group of regular users who never use the computer for professional reasons in predominantly male. The use of computers during free time offers a different profile: 23.3% of men only 10.6% of women use a computer on a daily basis. 47.33% of women and only 31.52% of men never use the computer in their free time. Among students there is no significant difference in the frequency of use for study: about half of the young men and women interviewed use a computer between one and three times a week, 17% use it every day or four to five times a week and 2% of the students never use it in connection with their studies. Also within this group, a significant difference is noted in relation to the use of the computer during free time: 33% of the men and only 12% of the women use the computer every day. Answers concerning the average frequency of use are homogeneous between men and women, Lastly, very few of those interviewed declared they never used their computer in their free time: none of the men and fewer than 2% of the women.

This data and the range of answers received to questions about the motives for using the new information technologies, within the sample of both adult and younger women, raise another theme that is also salient in other strands of the research.


Introduction

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